Ethiopia: Ministry of Agriculture
Sustainable Land Management Program
Resilient Land scapes and Livelihoods Project (RLLP) Terms of Reference
Position- Regional Social Development Specialist
Number of position: 1
The intersection of land management, rights, and use forms the key development issue for millions of rural Ethiopians facing water insecurity, food insecurity, land tenure insecurity, and livelihood insecurity; all amplified by climate variability and change. Climate impacts in Ethiopia are felt primarily through water stress, which is affected by land use changes and degradation that undermine watershed functions. The minimum estimated annual cost of land degradation in Ethiopia is 2-3 percent of Agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP), before accounting for downstream effects such as increased flood risk. While a onetime occurrence of such a loss might be manageable, for an economy based on agriculture the cumulative losses to land degradation over time represent a significant drag on rural growth and poverty reduction. In response, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) developed a conceptual and institutional framework for sustainable land management, the multi-year (2009-2023) Ethiopian Strategic Investment Framework for Sustainable Land Management (ESIF, 2010) supported by the TerrAfrica partnership. The Federal Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) is the implemnting institution of ESIF at the national level. Successful remediation has been achieved through a combination of better land management practices and rights, jobs and livelihood enhancements, and gender outreach in targeted degraded watersheds. Restoration effects include a range of resilience-related results, including increased soil moisture and soil fertility important for higher and less variable crop yields, improved water availability, and increased carbon sequestration – all of which are priorities under Growth and Transformation plan and the Climate Resilient and Green Economy Strategy of the goverment of Ethiopia.
This progress has been achieved by the Government and thousands of local communities largely through investment and technical assistance under the MoA’s Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Program. Working through Regional Bureaus of Agriculture (BoAs) and woreda administrations over the last ten years, the SLM Program has restored productivity in more than
two million hectares of degraded watersheds in six regional states of the Ethiopian highlands (i.e. Amhara, Benshangul Gumuz, Gambela, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region and Tigray). The World Bank (WB) has provided financing for the SLM Program through the first Sustainable Land Management Project (SLMP-I, 2008-2013) and the subsequent SLMP-II (2013-2018), that together with financing from other Development Partners (DPs) has allowed the SLM Program to support interventions in a total of 223 major watersheds, out of an estimated 700 that would benefit from SLM interventions. From the total major watersheds, WB International Development Association (IDA) and other Trust Funds financing has helped restore productive capacity and build resilient livelihoods in135 highland watersheds through an integrated package of activities that includes management of agricultural landscapes natural resources on more than half a million hectares of degraded communal and smallholder lands.
Through soil and water conservation structures, enclosures to limit free grazing, and afforestation or reforestation of more than 80,000 hectares, these activities have led to an average 9 percent increase in vegetation cover in treated watersheds. Complementing these physical interventions, IDA financing for the SLM Program has strengthened MoA’s support for land rights through the issuance of landholding certificates to over 300,000 households, including more than 200,000 women who have received titles either individually or jointly with their husbands, and more than 7,000 landless youth who have received titles to communal holdings in exchange for restoring land. To further ensure that local communities derive livelihood benefits from these investments, more than 130,000 smallholders in the targeted watersheds have participated in income-generating activities under the SLM Program, including for improved cookstove adoption that reduces fuelwood demand, women’s labor and respiratory illnesses.
The follow-on WB-finaced project, Resilient Landscapes and Livelihoods Project (RLLP), features in the Bank’s Country Partnership Framework (CPF) for FY 17-21 as a government flagship program addressing the CPF’s resilience pillar, with a funding commitment from IDA-18 of US$100 million. It will leverage and scale up support to the MoA’s SLM Program while also contributing to the climate, forest, water, energy, and land tenure targets in the GTP-II and CRGE Strategy, as well as the forthcoming GTP-III. The targets for natural resource management set out in GTP-II include an additional 19 million hectares to be treated with physical soil and water conservation structures, an increase in national forest coverage from 15 to 20 percent, and the provision of land use certificates to more than 7 million households. To help meet these goals, and to bring the benefits of the Government’s SLM Program to further rural communities affected by land degradation, the RLLP will scale up the successes of the SLM Program, and complement these achievements with innovations aimed at sustaining project benefits.
The Project Development Objective (PDO) of RLLP is to improve the climate resilience, land productivity and carbon storage, and increase access to diversified livelihood activities in selected 152 major watersheds located in the Ethiopian Highlands in the six regions. For satisfactory achievements of the project objectives and the theory of changes, supporting and monitoring the implementation of Environmental and Social Safeguard Management frameworks, Resettlement Policy framework, Social assessment report including social management plan, Gender Mainstreaming Guideline, Grievance Redress Mechanism Guideline, Income Generating Activities targeting and revolving fund implementation Manual and other safeguards instruments are mandatory. Hence, the Regional Project Coordination Unit seek to recruit Regional Social Development (Safeguard, Gender and Livelihood) Specialist in charge of the following main and specific assignment.
2. Tasks Summary
The Regional Social Development Specialist will monitor the implementation of the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), the Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF), Social Assessment (SA) including the Social Development Plan, Gender Mainstreaming Guideline including gender action plan and Income Generating Activities (IGA) targeting and revolving fund implementation Manual. The specialist will also provide the required technical backstopping, review subproject and activity plan, design, cost, and baseline documents to ensure social inclusion and gender equality process, outcomes and mitigations. He/she also conduct capacity building on gender mainstreaming and social safeguards aspects of all interventions and subproject preparation, review, approval and bidding, closely work with the regional infrastructure specialists of the region during the planning and construction phase to avoid the late occurrence of impacts on the community. He/she also collect the performance of safeguard, gender mainstreaming and livelihood activities from the woreda; and review and submit a consolidated plan and report to the National Program Coordination Unit Social Safeguards Specialists and livelihood specialist. Generally, He/she will be responsible for social safeguards activities of the project, gender mainstreaming and livelihood development sub component of the project.
3. Specific Tasks
3.1. Planning and setting bench mark
Ensure the availability of safeguards documents and data collection formats at woreda and community level: Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF), Social Assessment and Gender Mainstreaming guideline action plan and Grievance registration book;
Ensure the availability of livelihood development activities documents and data collection formats at woreda and community level: project beneficiary targeting strategy, resource revolving fund strategy, institutions development and strengthening guideline, and value chain development guidelines;
Support the establishment and strengthening of safeguard sand livelihoods development related platforms/institutions/Common Interest Groups at regional, , woreda and community levels;
Involve and contribute in preparation/updating/revision of guidelines and tools relevant safeguards, gender and livelihood development polices/strategies/guidelines for the project implementation;
Prepare Regional Social Safeguards, Gender mainstreaming, and livelihood development implementation plan of the project and support regions and woredas on the preparation of site specific environmental and social management and monitoring plans;
Review sub-projects and activity plan, design, cost, baseline documents, and bid documents to ensure social issues, and mitigations are incorporated;
Ensure watershed, woreda and regional budget include gender specific activities as outlined in the gender action plan;
Coordinate and collaborate with relevant government agencies for obtaining permission and/or clearance in case of requirements;
Provide support and ensure inclusive community participation in planning, monitoring and evaluation of project interventions;
Ensure proper documentation of minutes, complaints appealed and resolved, community contribution and other relevant discussions and decisions at community and all levels;
Provide support and ensure underserved people and vulnerable group of targeted beneficiaries are fully addressed as per project safeguard frameworks;
Ensure appropriate beneficiary selection for livelihood and social development related interventions of the project;
Ensure that World Bank regulations and procedures are strictly adhered to during sub-projects preparation, implementation, monitoring and reporting;
Provide support on the preparation of bylaw for watershed norms to take account of work allocation and share of benefits among men and women and vulnerable groups;
Ensure the establishment and strengthening of grievance redress mechanism at all level according to the project safeguards instruments and experiences of SLMP-2 implementation;
Conduct training need assessment and review various training programs and suggest modification/improvements as per SMP and gender mainstreaming guideline/action plan;
Facilitate and support the development of tailor-made training materials and pertinent manuals as well as checklists on the ESMF, RPF, SMP and GMG which will be used for training at different levels, particularly for Woredas experts and DAs.
3.2. Monitoring and implementation support
Monitoring and close follow up of the effective implementation of safeguards, gender and livelihood development instruments;
Monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the mitigating measures for any grievance raised during the project implementation period and provide feedback to the concerned offices at all levels;
Ensure that World Bank safeguard policies are strictly adhered to during sub project planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation;
Ensure the implementation of each subproject activities are in conformity with the country environmental and social law and World Bank safeguard policies and are subjected for screening via the RLLP ESMF, RPF, SMP, GMG, Commune development program process and procedures;
Support and ensure the election of women to CWT, KLAUC, KWT and other SLM relevant committee membership be balanced (50%)to that of men;
Ensure that program activities do not cause negative impact on gender equality and women’s workload;
Create conducive environment that support the implementation of gender issues at all levels;
Facilitate identification, scaling up and documentation of best practices on gender equality;
Visit the project sites and undertake field inspection and evaluation of actions needed to ensure the safety of the project;
Participate in the Joint Implementation Support Mission (JISM) and follow up on the comments and recommendations given regarding social safeguards, gender development and livelihood development activities of the project;
Follow up and support Woreda and community during implementation of the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF), Potential Implementation Risks and Challenges identified by the Social Assessment and Social Management Plan, Gender Mainstreaming guideline and health and safety;
Assess the adequacy of the implementations of the safeguard measures and the capacity of the institutions and agencies responsible for social safeguards, gender mainstreaming; and recommend actions;
Assess and follow-up that micro-watershed development plans fully address the needs of beneficiary communities including the underserved peoples and vulnerable groups;
Ensure that the gender concerns are adequately addressed in the training program;
Support to improve the skill of extension agents in socio-economic analysis of agricultural production systems;
Monitor and support the self-help-group/common Interest Group of livelihood development activities functionality and benefit including safeguard related platforms;
Support and facilitate participation of women in decision making/women empowerment through the provision of leadership training and skills upgrading, assertiveness training and skills development for women in watershed committees and teams;
Monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the planned social impact mitigating measure;
Follow-up and assess that proposed/implemented technologies and key activities are economically viable, environmentally sound and socially acceptable;
Follow up and ensure that program activities do not cause negative impact on women and men differentially including affecting their workload;
Advise on improving market systems for products to be developed by the project intervention;
Advise Woreda and Kebele level implementers on mechanisms of working with religious leaders and traditional institutions for the success of project objectives;
3.3. Capacity and team building
Provide the required technical backstopping to the zones, woredas and community level project implementation structure;
Conduct necessary Training of Trainers on safeguard, gender and livelihood issues or on-job trainings to the relevant regional specialists aimed at empowering them to plan, implement, and maintain the interventions and requirement;
Organize institutional level interaction programs on environmental screening and environmental awareness as well as organize and participate in national level consultations with major stakeholders and academia, if necessary;
Build partnership and establish network with partners including GIZ, and programs such as PSNP, AGP, and which are generally dealing with safeguards, Gender and livelihood issues;
Organize experience sharing visit within the region, between project woredas;
Closely work with Regional PCU technical experts for effective implementation of the project;
Assist the SLMP coordinator in the identification of safeguard and gender issues and implementation as well as review of TORs, papers, studies or reports,
Work closely with regional and woreda RLLP gender focal persons and national social development specialist.
3.4. Documentation and reporting
Monitor and report the overall safeguards achievements towards zero risk
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: Watershed User Associations (WUAs) established and strengthened
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: WUA's with Watershed Management and Use Plan
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: People participating in income-generating activities supported by the project
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: Functional Common-Interest Groups (CIGs) established or supported.
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: Women participating in income generating activities supported by the project
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: Women land users adopting sustainable land management practices as a result of the project
Monitor and report activities in line with project indicator: Female headed households adopting sustainable land management practices as a result of the project
Prepare weekly, monthly, quarterly and annual work plan, collect and consolidate progress report in the area of specialty with responsible personnel under the regional specialists of the PCU;
Maintain an overall good and effective communication with National, Woreda and partner organizations.
Liaise with the National, Regional and Woreda relevant bodies responsible for Safeguard, gender and livelihood development issues;
Communicate, both orally and in writing, with colleagues and professional groups, through briefings, technical and operational reports and presentations
Undertake other duties as per the requirements of the project or as directed by the Regional Program Coordinator.
• Generally, the specialist will develop detail action plan with deliverables based on the main and specific tasks indicated under section 2 & 3 of the ToR (Terms of Reference) and the successful implementation and achievements of the safeguards, gender and sub-component 1.3 of the Project
• The Specialist also submit monthly, quarterly and yearly reports summarizing the activities undertaken and results achieved in relation to annual plan and M&E framework prepared for his/her assignment.
• The specialist will be fully engaged in advising on, facilitating and ensuring the effective implementation of the social safeguards, gender mainstreaming and the creation of adequate awareness and capacity building at all levels for management of the social and gender aspects of the project.
5. Required Qualification and Competencies
• A BSc/BA/MSc/MA Degree in Sociology, Anthropology, Social Work, Gender/women Studies, Rural Development, Economics/Agricultural Economics and other related fields.
• Experience in one and/or Social Development and Safeguards, Social Impact Assessment, Social Assessment, Gender Analysis, women empowerment, livelihoods and income generating activities is a requirement.
• Minimum of six years’ for BSc/BA after graduation and four years for MSc/MA after graduation experience on Social Development and Safeguards, Social Impact Assessment, Social Assessment, Gender Analysis, women empowerment, livelihoods and income generating activities in Natural Resource Management or in Environmental and Social Management or in other highly related areas and at least two years project experience on the above mentioned area are mandatory.
• Strong analytical skills including analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data;
• Ability to work independently and as part of a team;
• Excellent interpersonal and communication skills required to train / coach staff and deliver presentations;
• Proficiency in Microsoft Office applications, and in working with data analysis packages;
• Excellent command of English (spoken & written) language
6. Reporting Line/Communication
• The Regional Social Development Specialist is accountable to the Regional Program Coordinator with his/her technical relationship with all technical specialists at Regional PCU level.
• The specialist has to report the overall compliance of project investment with Social safeguards, gender mainstreaming in accordance with the principles, procedures, and processes laid down in the Environmental and Social Safeguard instruments, Gender mainstreaming guideline, project implementation manual.
7. Duration of the Assignment
The duration of the assignment will be for one year, but extendable depending on the satisfactory performance until the project period.
8. Work plan
Based on the main and specific tasks in the ToR and overall targets of the project, the Regional Social development specialist is expected to prepare detail annul plan with quarterly and monthly break down.
9. Performance Appraisal
In line with Biannual Joint Implementation support mission of the project and based on the detail work plan of the specialist and the project; performance appraisal and rating will be conducted every six months.
10. Place of Work
• Regional RLLP/SLMP Coordination Unit established in respective RLLP Implementing Region with frequent travel to project woredas
• As per the scale of projects of the Ministry of Agriculture
How to Apply
Interested applicants should submit non-returnable copies of supporting documents with CV and application letter. Applications should be submitted in person to Bureau of Agriculture on or before the application deadline within 7 working days from this announcement date.